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High jump training

High Jump Developing an awareness of the Arch
Body awareness in the air is not always an intuitive talent. Many new jumpers have only a raw sense of where the bar is, and do not have any early facility in arching over it, or maintaining a layout position long enough for a clearance. This feel for where the cross bar is, is often delayed by the beginning jumper discomfort at being in the layout position to begin with. This initial paranoia about being backwards and not seeing the mat (which some new jumpers swear is as disconcerting as being upside down) often leads the rookie jumpers to do the single greatest in-air mistake: bringing the chin down to the chest to get a “head's up” orientation in the air.

Squeeze the "J" from the Beginning high Jumpers
One of the hardest problems to correct for beginners is the lack of pit penetration. The jumper is higher than the bar, but fails to carry enough momentum into the pit and comes down on the bar. The leading cause of this flaw is that the beginning jumper instinctively feels comfortable with an approach that brings him or her close to the bar and thus results in a narrow take-off angle (the angle between the direction the body is moving at takeoff and the cross bar). The narrower of this angle the jumper will fail to move past the bar into the pit and the jumper will dislodge the bar even though adequate height may have been achieved. What to do?

An Argument for Fundamentals in the Flop High Jump
After reviewing several articles on the mechanics and techniques employed in the development of high jumpers, one primary trend became evident. It is not uncommon for writers (especially coaches) who are writing and describing the principles of training for the flop high jump to conclude that the practices of a gifted athlete (his/her behaviors) explain the proper or correct variables and absolutes for everyone participating in the event to model themselves after.

High Jump Technique and Training
In the 1968 Mexico City Olympics, sprints and jumps were on stage. United States sprint dominance was as evidenced by world records and medal counts. Bob Beamon (US) long jumped past 28 and 29 feet. Dick Fosbury (US) also gathered attention for his medal performance. He took off in the high jump with his back to the bar and landed on his back. Although others claim to have been using this style as far back as the early 60's, his name is forever linked with the Fosbury Flop. Next we will breakdown the key elements in the high jump and put together training plans for a couple different weeks.

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