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Injuries



Causes of Achilles Tendon Injury
Achilles tendon injuries can be caused by: overuse, misalignment, improper footwear, medication side effects, and/or accidents. Multiple causes often contribute to the same Achilles tendon injury. For example: a sudden increase in hill climbing, worn out shoes, and weak or tight calf muscles could all contribute to Achilles tendinosis and Achilles tendonitis.

Preventing Achilles Tendon Injuries
Preventing Achilles tendon injuries can be viewed at two levels: general injury prevention and Achilles tendon specific injury prevention. General prevention relates to the steps a person can take to prevent any type of injury (including Achilles tendon injuries) when being active and working out. Achilles tendon specific prevention relates to steps targeted directly at the prevention of Achilles tendon injuries.

Achilles Tendon Injuries
Achilles tendon injuries have the advantage of being relatively easy to diagnose: the Achilles tendon hurts. The most common Achilles tendon injuries are Achilles tendinosis (formerly called Achilles tendonitis) and Achilles tendon rupture. Achilles tendon ruptures, also known as tears, can be full ruptures or partial ruptures. A physician may be required to distinguish between acute Achilles tendinosis and a partial Achilles tendon rupture. Tennis Leg is a rupture of the connection between the calf muscle and the Achilles tendon. Achilles tendons can also be injured as a result of medication side effects, laceration or crushing.

Treating Achilles Tendon Injuries
Treatment depends upon the injury: the treatment for Achilles tendonitis, tendinosis and tenosynovitis is significantly different from the treatment for a partial or full Achilles tendon rupture.

Achilles Tendon Footwear. Shoes, Sports Shoes, Inserts, Cushions, Orthotics, and Braces.
Achilles tendon injuries and footwear are related in three ways: correctly fitting footwear can be a major factor in preventing Achilles tendon injuries, recovering from Achilles tendon injuries, and preventing the reoccurrence of Achilles tendon injuries. Unfortunately, the reverse is just as true: incorrect footwear can increase the likelihood of Achilles tendon injuries, delay recovery, and increase the chance of a reoccurrence.

Anatomical Description of the Achilles Tendon
The Achilles tendon is fibrous tissue that connects the heel (calcaneus) to two calf muscles: the gastrocnemius and the soleus. The tiny plantaris muscle also connects to the Achilles tendon. Additional names for the Achilles tendon include: heel cord, heel tendon and calcenean tendon.


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